Methods for Selection text in Microsoft Word

Methods for Selection text in Microsoft Word


  1. Ctrl + A : Select all contents in the document.
  2. Ctrl with Mouse: Alternative selection
  3. Alt with Mouse: Select top to bottom or bottom to top
  4. Shift with Mouse: Select from one point to another pint
  5. Shift with Arrow: Select one part of the document
  6. Double click on the paragraph: Select one word in the document.
  7. Triple click on the paragraph: Select one paragraph in the document.

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Computer Fundamentals

 

Introduction to Computer

The word computer came from the Latin word compute, which means to calculate.

Definition

A computer is a digital electronic machine that can be programmed to perform a sequence of arithmetic or logical operations automatically.

 

A Computer is an electronic device that receives input, stores or processes the input as per user instructions, and provides output in the desired format.

 

Input  Process  Output

 

Full form of the Computer

Common Operating Machine Purposely Used for Technological and Educational Research

 

The brain of the Computer

CPU is the brain of the computer.

 

Father of the Computer

Charles Babbage is the father of the computer.

 

Functions of Computers

There are four functions of a computer:

Input

Process

Store

Output

 

Characteristics of Computer

To understand why computers are such an important part of our lives, let us look at some of its characteristics −

Speed

Accuracy

Reliability

Versatility

Storage Capacity

Benefits of Using Computer

Save Your Time

Get Information

Can Make Money

Data store Capability

Product Employment

Keep Your Entertained

Multitasking of Computer

Connect on the internet to get all things

 

Advantages of Using Computer

Now that we know the characteristics of computers, we can see the advantages that computers offer−

Computers can do the same task repetitively with the same accuracy.

Computers do not get tired or bored.

Computers can take up routine tasks while releasing human resources for more intelligent functions.

 

Disadvantages of Using Computer

Despite so many advantages, computers have some disadvantages of their own −

Computers have no intelligence; they follow instructions blindly without considering the outcome.

Regular electric supply is necessary to make computers work, which could prove difficult everywhere, especially in developing nations.

 

Limitations of Computer

Lack of common sense

No IQ

No feelings

No thinking capability

No decision-making ability

No learning power

Computers cannot express ideas

Types of Computer

There are three types of computer:

Digital Computer

Analog Computer and

Hybrid Computer

Types of Digital Computer

On the basis of size, digital computers can be classified into four categories:

Micro Computer

Mini Computer

Mainframe Computer

Super Computer

Parts of Computer

There are two parts to a computer:

Hardware and

Software

 

Computer Hardware

Hardware refers to the physical components of the computer that store and run written instructions provided by the software.

Motherboard

Central Processing Unit (CPU)

Power Supply

Random Access Memory (RAM)

Hard Disk Drive (HDD)

Video Card

Solid-State Drive (SSD)

Optical Disc Drive (e.g. BD drive, DVD drive, CD drive)

Card Reader (e.g. SD, SDHC)

Monitor

Keyboard

Mouse

Printer

Speakers

External Hard Drive

Desktop Image Scanner

Projector

Joystick

Headphones

USB Flash Drive

Computer Software

Software is the untouchable/non-physical part of the device that allows the user to interact with the hardware and give commands to perform specific tasks.

 

Computer Programming

Computer programming is the process of performing a particular computation usually by designing/building an executable computer program.

Computer Security

Computer security, cyber security, or information technology security is the protection of computer systems and networks from information disclosure, theft of or damage to their hardware, software, or electronic data, as well as from the disruption or misdirection of the services they provide.

Booting

Starting a computer or a computer-embedded device is called booting. Booting takes place in two steps −

Switching on the power supply

Loading operating system into computer’s main memory

Keeping all applications in a state of readiness in case needed by the user

The first program or set of instructions that runs when the computer is switched on is called BIOS or Basic Input Output System. BIOS is firmware, i.e. a piece of software permanently programmed into the hardware.

If a system is already running but needs to be restarted, it is called rebooting. Rebooting may be required if software or hardware has been installed or the system is unusually slow.

There are two types of booting −

Cold Booting− When the system is started by switching on the power supply it is called cold booting. The next step in cold booting is loading of BIOS.

Warm Booting − When the system is already running and needs to be restarted or rebooted, it is called warm booting. Warm booting is faster than cold booting because BIOS is not reloaded.

Generations of Computer

The time of upgrade in the computer is called Generations of Computer. There are five generations of computer, which are given below.

1st Generations of computer 

Computers from 1940 to 1956 are called First Generations computers. Vacuum Tubes technology was used in first generation computers.

2nd Generations of computer  

Computers from 1956 to 1963 are called seconds Generations computers. Transistor was used in second generations of computers.

3nd Generations of computer 

Computers from 1964 to 1971 are called Third Generations computers. Integrated Circuit (IC) was used in third generations of computers.

4th Generations of computer

Computers from 1972 to 2010 are called fourth Generations computers. Microprocessor Technology was used in fourth generations of computers.

5th Generations of computer

Computers from 2010 to Present are called fifth Generations computers. Artificial Intelligence Technology was used in fifth generations of computers.

 

Computer Fundamentals

Introduction to Computer

The word computer came from the Latin word compute, which means to calculate.

Definition

A computer is a digital electronic machine that can be programmed to perform a sequence of arithmetic or logical operations automatically.

 

A Computer is an electronic device that receives input, stores or processes the input as per user instructions, and provides output in the desired format.

 

Input  Process  Output

 

Full form of the Computer

Common Operating Machine Purposely Used for Technological and Educational Research

 

The brain of the Computer

CPU is the brain of the computer.

 

Father of the Computer

Charles Babbage is the father of the computer.

 

Functions of Computers

There are four functions of a computer:

Input

Process

Store

Output

 

Characteristics of Computer

To understand why computers are such an important part of our lives, let us look at some of its characteristics −

Speed

Accuracy

Reliability

Versatility

Storage Capacity

Benefits of Using Computer

Save Your Time

Get Information

Can Make Money

Data store Capability

Product Employment

Keep Your Entertained

Multitasking of Computer

Connect on the internet to get all things

 

Advantages of Using Computer

Now that we know the characteristics of computers, we can see the advantages that computers offer−

Computers can do the same task repetitively with the same accuracy.

Computers do not get tired or bored.

Computers can take up routine tasks while releasing human resources for more intelligent functions.

 

Disadvantages of Using Computer

Despite so many advantages, computers have some disadvantages of their own −

Computers have no intelligence; they follow instructions blindly without considering the outcome.

Regular electric supply is necessary to make computers work, which could prove difficult everywhere, especially in developing nations.

 

Limitations of Computer

Lack of common sense

No IQ

No feelings

No thinking capability

No decision-making ability

No learning power

Computers cannot express ideas

Types of Computer

There are three types of computer:

Digital Computer

Analog Computer and

Hybrid Computer

Types of Digital Computer

On the basis of size, digital computers can be classified into four categories:

Micro Computer

Mini Computer

Mainframe Computer

Super Computer

Parts of Computer

There are two parts to a computer:

Hardware and

Software

 

Computer Hardware

Hardware refers to the physical components of the computer that store and run written instructions provided by the software.

Motherboard

Central Processing Unit (CPU)

Power Supply

Random Access Memory (RAM)

Hard Disk Drive (HDD)

Video Card

Solid-State Drive (SSD)

Optical Disc Drive (e.g. BD drive, DVD drive, CD drive)

Card Reader (e.g. SD, SDHC)

Monitor

Keyboard

Mouse

Printer

Speakers

External Hard Drive

Desktop Image Scanner

Projector

Joystick

Headphones

USB Flash Drive

Computer Software

Software is the untouchable/non-physical part of the device that allows the user to interact with the hardware and give commands to perform specific tasks.

 

Computer Programming

Computer programming is the process of performing a particular computation usually by designing/building an executable computer program.

Computer Security

Computer security, cyber security, or information technology security is the protection of computer systems and networks from information disclosure, theft of or damage to their hardware, software, or electronic data, as well as from the disruption or misdirection of the services they provide.

Booting

Starting a computer or a computer-embedded device is called booting. Booting takes place in two steps −

Switching on the power supply

Loading operating system into computer’s main memory

Keeping all applications in a state of readiness in case needed by the user

The first program or set of instructions that runs when the computer is switched on is called BIOS or Basic Input Output System. BIOS is firmware, i.e. a piece of software permanently programmed into the hardware.

If a system is already running but needs to be restarted, it is called rebooting. Rebooting may be required if software or hardware has been installed or the system is unusually slow.

There are two types of booting −

Cold Booting− When the system is started by switching on the power supply it is called cold booting. The next step in cold booting is loading of BIOS.

Warm Booting − When the system is already running and needs to be restarted or rebooted, it is called warm booting. Warm booting is faster than cold booting because BIOS is not reloaded.

Generations of Computer

The time of upgrade in the computer is called Generations of Computer. There are five generations of computer, which are given below.

1st Generations of computer 

Computers from 1940 to 1956 are called First Generations computers. Vacuum Tubes technology was used in first generation computers.

2nd Generations of computer  

Computers from 1956 to 1963 are called seconds Generations computers. Transistor was used in second generations of computers.

3nd Generations of computer 

Computers from 1964 to 1971 are called Third Generations computers. Integrated Circuit (IC) was used in third generations of computers.

4th Generations of computer

Computers from 1972 to 2010 are called fourth Generations computers. Microprocessor Technology was used in fourth generations of computers.

5th Generations of computer

Computers from 2010 to Present are called fifth Generations computers. Artificial Intelligence Technology was used in fifth generations of computers.

 

Table of contents in Microsoft Word

 The table of contents is based on the headings of your document, which is on a page at the beginning of the material, outlining the names of the chapters or sections with their respective page numbers.

Make Heading

For each title you want in the Table of Contents, select the title text.

Follow the steps given below:

  1. Go to the Home tab
  2. Go to Styles, and then select Heading 1.

How to create the table of contents in the Microsoft Word Document?

Follow the steps given below:

  1. Put your cursor where you want to add the table of contents.
  2. Go to References
  3. Table of Contents and choose an automatic style.

 

How to update your table of contents?

If you make changes to your document that affect the table of contents, update the table of contents by right-clicking the table of contents and choosing Update Field.

To update your table of contents manually, see Update a table of contents.

Follow the steps given below:

  1. Go to Table of Content
  2. Click on the Update Table

How to Remove Table of Contents?

If you want to delete the Table of Contents then follow these steps:

Go to Table of Content

  1. Click on the Table of Content
  2. Click on the Remove Table of Content

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Digital Solutions

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List of Computer Abbreviations

List of computer abbreviations and acronyms

Computer Science is such a subject that questions on this subject are asked in almost all the major competitive exams conducted in India.


There is a separate section for Computer Science in Banks, Insurance, SSC, RRB, etc. Whereas in some general knowledge questions are asked about this topic.


In UPSC, computer-related questions are part of the Science and Technology section.


List of Computer Abbreviations and Abbreviations:

Below is a list of computer abbreviations for students to prepare for government exams

Abbreviation

Full-name

A/D

Analog-to-Digital

AAC

Advanced Audio Coding

ABC

Atanasoff Berry Computer

ABR

Average Bit Rate

ACM

Association for Computing Machinery

ADSL

Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line

AGP

Advanced Graphics Port

AI

Artificial Intelligence

AIM

AOL Instant Messenger

ALGOL

Algorithmic Language

ALU

Arithmetic Logic Unit

AMD

Advanced Micro Devices

AOL

America Online

API

Application Program Interface

APT

Automatically Programmed Tooling

ARP

Address Resolution Protocol

ARPANET

Advanced Research Projects Agency Network

ARQ

Automatic Repeat Request

AS

Autonomous System

ASCII

American Standard Code for Information Interchange

ASP

Active Server Pages

ASPI

Advanced SCSI Programming Interface 

ATA

Advanced Technology Attachment 

ATDT

Attention Dial Tone 

AUI

Attachment Unit Interface

AUTOEXEC

Autoexec Automatic Execution file 

AVI

Audio Video Interleave

BASIC

Beginners All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code

BCC

Blind Carbon Copy

BCD

Binary Coded Decimal

BCR

Bar Code Reader

BDSL

Broadband DSL

BEDO

Burst Extended Data Out (RAM)

BGP

Border Gateway Protocol

BHTML

Broadcast Hyper Text Markup Language

BIOS

Basic Input Output System

BIPS

Billions of Instructions Per Second

BIU

Bus Interface Unit

BMP

Bitmap

BPI

Bytes Per Inch

BRD

Blu-Ray Disc

CAD

Computer Aided Design

CAE

Computer Aided Engineering

CAN

Campus Area Network

CASE

Computer Aided Software Engineering

CC

Carbon Copy

CD

Compact Disk

CDC

Control Data Corporation

CD-R

Compact Disk – Recordable

CD-ROM

Compact Disk Read Only Memory

CDRW

Compact Disk Rewritable

CD-RW

CD Read/Write

CD-WO

Compact Disk – Write Once

CD-XA

Compact Disk – Extended Architecture

CGI-BIN

Common Gateway Interface – Binary (programming for Web forms)

CIS

CompuServe Information Service

CISC

Complex Instructions Set Computers

CL

Command Language

CLI

Command Line Interface

CMD

Command

CMYK

Cyan-Magenta-Yellow-Black (color model)

CNM

Circulatory Network Mode

COAX

Coaxial Cable (for Ethernet and similar networks)

COBOL

Common Business Oriented Language

CODASYL

Conference On Data Systems

COMPUTER

Commonly Operated Machine Particularly Used for Trade/Technology, Education, and Research.

CPI

Clock / Cycle Per Instruction

CPU

Central Processing Unit

CROM

Computerized Range of Motion

CRT

Cathode Ray Tube

CSLIP

Compressed Serial Line Interface Protocol (Internet)

CSS

Cascading Style Sheets

CTRL

Control (computer keyboard key)

CUI

Character User Interface

D/A

Digital-to-Analog

DAC

Data Acquisition and Control 

DAT

Digital Audio Tape

dB

Decibel

DBMS

Data Base Management System

DBS

Demand Based Switching

DCE

Data Communications Equipment

DDL

Data Definition Language

DDS

Digital Data Storage

DEC

Digital Equipment Corporation

DHTML

Dynamics Hyper Text Markup Language

DMA

Direct Memory Access

DML

Data Manipulation Language

DNA

Digital Network Architecture

DNS

Domain Name System

DOC

Data Optimizing Computer

Doc

Document

DOS

Disk Operating System

DPI

Dots Per Inch

DRAM

Dynamic Random Access Memory

DSN

Distributed Systems Network

DTS

Digital Theater System

DVD

Digital Video/Versatile Disc

DVDR

Digital Versatile Disk Recordable

DVDRW

Digital Versatile Disk Rewritable

DVI

Digital Visual Interface

DVR

Digital Video Recorder

EBCDIC

Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code

E-Commerce

Electronic Commerce

EDC

Electronic Digital Computer

EDI

Electronic Data Interchange

EDP

Electronic Data Processing

EDSAC

Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator

EDVAC

Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Calculator

EEPROM

Electronically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory

EFM

Eight-to-Fourteen Modulation

EFS

Encrypted File System

EIDE

Enhanced Integrated Drive Electronics 

E-Mail

Electronic Mail

ENIAC

Electronic Numerical Integrator And Calculator

EPG

Electronic Programming Guide

EPIC

Explicitly Parallel Instruction Computing

EPROM

Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory

EROM

Erasable Read Only Memory

FAT

File Allocation Table

FDD

Floppy Disk Drive

FDM

Frequency Division Multiplexing

FEP

Front End Processor

FLOPS

Floating Point Operations Per Second

FM

Frequency Modulation

FMS

File Management System

FORTRAN

FORmula TRANslation

FSK

Frequency Shift Keying

FTP

File Transfer Protocol

GB

Giga Bytes

GDI

Graphical Device Interface

GFLOPS

Giga FLOPS

GHz

Giga Hertz

GNU

Gnu Not Unix

GPRS

General Packet Radio Service

GSM

Global System for Mobile communication

GUI

Graphical User Interface

HD

Hard Disk

HP

Hewlett Packard

HSS

Hierarchical Storage System

HTML

HyperText Markup Language

HTTP

Hyper Text Transfer Protocol

I/O

Input/Output (serial and parallel ports)

IBM

International Business Machine

IC

Integrated Circuit

IDN

Integrated Digital Networks

IMAP

Internet Message Access Protocol

INTEL

Integrated Electronics

IOP

Input Output Processor

IP

Internet Protocol

IrDA

Infrared Data Association

ISDN

Integrated Services Digital Network 

ISP

Internet Service Provider

IVR

Interactive Voice Response

JPEG

Joint Photographic Experts Group

JRE

Java Runtime Engine

JSP

Java Server Pages

KB

Kilo Bytes

Kbps

Kilobits/Kilobytes Per Second

KHz

Kilo Hertz

LAN

Local Area Network

LCD

Liquid Crystal Display

LED

Light Emitting Diode

LLL

Low Level Language

LPM

Line Per Minute

LPT

Line Printer

LSI

Large Scael Integration

MAC

Media Access Control

MAN

Metropolitan Area Network

MAR

Memory Address Register

MB

Mega Bytes

MB

Motherboard

MBASIC

Microsoft BASIC (Microsoft)

MBPS

Megabytes Per Second

Mbps

Megabits Per Second

MBR

Memory Buffer Register

MHz

Mega Hertz

MICR

Magnetic Ink Character Recognition

MIDI

Musical Instrument Digital Interface

MIPS

Millions of Instructions Per Second

MMX

Multimedia Extensions 

MNP

Microcom Network Protocol

MODEM

Modulator Demodulator

MPEG

Moving Pictures Experts Group

MSCDEX

Microsoft Compact Disc Extension

MS-DOS

Microsoft – Disk Operating System

MVT

Multiprogramming with Variable Tasks

NAT

Network Address Translation

NIC

Network Interface Card

NICNET

National Informatics Center NETwork

NOS

Network Operating System

NTP

Network Time Protocol

OCR

Optical Character Recognition

OCR

Optical Character Reader 

OMR

Optical Mark Reader

OOP

Object Oriented Programming

OS

Operating System

OSI

Open System Interconnection

OSS

Open Source Software

PAN

Personal Area Network

PC

Personal Computer

PCB

Printer Circuit Board

PCI

Peripheral Component Interconnect

PDF

Portable Document Format

PDL

Program Design Language

PDP

Program Data Processor

PHP

Hypertext Preprocessor

PIP

Peripheral Interchange Program

PIXEL

Picture Element

PNG

Portable Network Graphics

PPP

Point to Point Protocol

PRN

Printer

PROM

Programmable Read Only Memory

QoS

Quality of Service

RAM

Random Access Memory

RARP

Reverse Address Resolution Protocol

RDBMS

Relational Data Base Management System

RIP

Routing Information Protocol

RISC

Reduced Instruction Set Computer

ROM

Read Only Memory

SAM

Software Asset Management

SAN

Storage Area Network

SCSI

Small Computer System Interface 

SDLC

Software Development Life Cycle

SDRAM

Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory

SEQUEL

Structured English QUEry Language

SFTP

Secure File Transfer Protocol

SGML

Syntax for Generalized Markup Language

SGML

Standard Generalized Markup Language

SGRAM

Synchronous Graphics RAM

SIMM

Single In-line Memory Module

SIP

Session Initiation Protocol

SIU

Serial Interface Unit

SMTP

Simple Mail Transfer Protocol

SNA

Systems Network Architecture

SNAP

Sub Network Access Protocol

SNMP

Simple Network Management Protocol

SNOBOL

StriNg Oriented and symBOlic Language

SQL

Structured Query Language

SRAM

Static RAM

SRAM

Static Random Access Memory

SSI

Small Scale Integration

SYSOP

System Operator

TB

Tera Bytes

TCP

Transport Control Protocol

TCP

Transmission Control Protocol

TDM

Time Division Multiplexing

UDP

User Datagram Protocol

UI

User Interface

ULSI

Ultra Large Scale Integration

UPC

Universal Product Code

URL

Uniform Resource Locator

USB

Universal Serial Bus

UTF

Unicode Transformation Format

VAN

Value Added Network

VCD

Video Compact Disk

VCR

Video Cassette Recorder

VDT

Video Display Terminal

VDU

Visual Display Unit

VGA

Video Graphics Array

VIRUS

Vital Information Resource Under Siege

VOD

Video-On-Demand

VoIP

Voice over Internet Protocol

VRAM

Video Random Access Memory

VSAT

Very Small Aperture Terminal

VxD

Virtual Extended Driver 

WAN

Wide Area Network

WAP

Wireless Application Protocol

WBMP

Wireless Bitmap Image

WIFI

Wireless fidelity

WiMAX

Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access

WLAN

Wireless Local Area Network

WLL

Wireless Local Loop

WML

Wireless Markup Language

WORM

Write Once Read Many

WWW

World Wide Web

X.400

Electronic Mail Protocol

X.500

Directory Server Protocol

XGA

Extended Graphics Array 

XHTML

Extensible Hyper Text Markup Language

XMF

Extensible Music File

XML

Extensible Markup Language

XMS

Extended Memory Specification